Orthodontics is a dental specialty that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental – jaw deviations, improper arrangement of teeth and incorrect proportions of dental arches and jaws.
Improperly arranged teeth and bite problems make it difficult to maintain oral hygiene, gums become inflamed, caries occurs.
Orthodontics requires excellent collaboration between the patient, parents (in children under 18) and the specialist due to the specifics of treatment. Monthly check-ups are mandatory.
Retention is a key element in orthodontics in order to preserve the results after orthodontic treatment.
We use different methods of retention.
Orthodontics is a way to have properly arranged teeth and a charming smile for a long time.
The first consultation is a clinical examination, in which the specialist determines or dismisses a deformity and appoints the necessary X-ray examinations.
On the second visit, impressions and photographs are taken. All results are analyzed to establish a definitive diagnosis.
On the third visit, the doctor presents the case with treatment options and discusses the stages and method of payment.
We offer treatment with:
removable orthodontic appliances
braces: metal and aesthetic (ceramic or sapphire)
invisible splints – aligners
В Клиника Дукови използваме и нова френска система алайнери Biotech Dental Smilers®
Clear aligners are made individually for each case. They are invisible and fit the teeth perfectly. They are designed to apply the right amount of pressure, in the right place and at the right time.
The stages of treatment with aligners are the following:
On the first visit, for the orthodontic analysis, after the examination by an orthodontist, digital impressions are taken with an intraoral scanner, also photographs and X-rays (panoramic and cephalometry.)
On the second visit, the treatment plan (number of aligners needed to achieve the desired result, duration and cost of treatment) are discussed in detail After consent, the production of aligners begins.
The treatment consists of wearing the aligners for at least 20-22 hours a day, changing them every 2-3 weeks, which will lead to a gradual movement of the teeth to the correct position.
The end of treatment is expected after about 6-24 months, depending on the initial condition. You will have perfectly arranged teeth without a trace of discomfort.
The most suitable age for wearing them is from 4 to 12 years old. This period is most suitable due to the growth peaks.
They do not interfere with the patient’s speech and do not greatly impair the aesthetics of their smile.
The advantage of removable appliances is that they achieve an orthopedic effect on the maxillofacial area at an early age. Their disadvantages are that they are removable and the patient’s assistance is crucial in the treatment – it is possible to break and lose the device. The devices slightly affect speech and chewing can damage the mucous membranes, periodontium and teeth due to poor oral hygiene.
Prophylactic removable appliances are used to eliminate harmful habits – sucking the finger, lip, tongue, breathing through the mouth, as well as place keeper in case of early tooth extraction or missing tooth due to other reasons. All these elements affect the proper arrangement of the teeth, and hence their function, which in turn affects the lateral near and far systems and structures (temporomandibular joint, muscles, digestive system).
Removable orthodontic appliances affect the teeth, the underlying bone and soft tissues, and through the power of the device and its elements form the growth in the maxillofacial area in adolescents.
After a detailed analysis, we determine the type of device needed. The devices are made in a dental laboratory and are individual, giving the patient the opportunity to choose the color and the presence of pictures on the device.
MyoBrace® – Myofunctional Orthodontics
Almost 30 years ago, Myofunctional Research Co. has identified improper breathing as a major cause of improper bite, improper jaw growth, and temporomandibular joint problems. By introducing the Myobrace myofunctional system, MRC has completely changed the way orthodontics is practiced in children. The main function of the system is to eliminate bad habits and improper breathing.
What causes orthodontic problems
Most children today have crooked teeth, which becomes visible from 3-5 years of age. Often this and improper development of the jaws is attributed to hereditary factors. But modern research shows that mouth breathing, incorrect tongue position, improper swallowing and finger sucking are the real causes of malocclusions and improper craniofacial growth.
When the child is constantly breathing through the mouth, the tongue is at the bottom of the oral cavity, which leads to problems in the development of the jaws. This, in turn, limits the space for proper eruption and arrangement of permanent teeth.
MRCs offer a more biological, myofunctional, (sometimes pre-) orthodontic treatment, through a series of several silicone splints. By focusing on the etiological factors that cause malocclusion and improper breathing, splints correct harmful habits affecting teeth, jaws and facial development.
How Myobrace® splints work
Along with correcting bad habits, splints apply weak forces to the teeth to help them align normally in the dental arch. Myobrace should be worn only 1-2 hours a day and during sleep. However, successful treatment depends mainly on patient cooperation.
There are 3-4 types of splints for each type of dentition, specific for the respective age group, the splints effectively train the correct position of the tongue, retrain the oral muscles and apply light forces to expand the jaws and align the teeth.